Medical Abbreviations

The medical profession is like any other, with a long list of jargon that confuses the ordinary person.  It also has a large amount of standard abbreviations, quite a few of which have more than one meaning depending on the context.

Our database of the most common medical abbreviations you are likely to come across is as follows:

  • A = Ankle jerk reflex or aorta
  • A & W = Alive and well
  • AAA = Abdominal aortic aneurysm
  • AAL = Anterio axillary line
  • AB = Apex beat
  • ABC = Airway, breathing, circulation
  • Abd = Abdomen
  • ABG = Arterial blood gas
  • AC = Before meals
  • ACL = Anterior clavicular line or Anterior cruciate ligament
  • ACTH = Adrenocorticotrophic hormone
  • ACTH-RH = ACTH releasing hormone
  • A.d. = As directed
  • ADH = Antidiuretic hormone
  • ADI = Acceptable daily intake
  • Ad lib = At will/as desired
  • adm = Admission/admitted
  • AE = Air entry to lungs or Accident & Emergency
  • AEG = Air encephalogram
  • Aet = Aetas (age)
  • AF = Atrial fibrillation (irregular heart beat)
  • AFB = Acid fast bacillus (TB)
  • AFP = Alpha-fetoprotein
  • AGL = Acute granulocytic leukaemia
  • AGN = Acute glomerulonephritis
  • AI = Artificial insemination
  • AI/R = Aortic incompetence/regurgitation
  • AJ = Ankle jerk
  • AK = Above knee
  • Alk phos = Alkaline phosphatase
  • ALL = Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia
  • alt dieb = Alternis diebus (every other day)
  • AML = Acute myelogenous leukaemia
  • ANF = Antinuclear factor
  • AoR = Aortic valve replacement
  • AP = Antero-posterior
  • Apgar = Apgar Score (a means of recording a baby's condition at birth)
  • APKD = Adult polycystic kidney disease
  • APR = Abdominal-perineal resection
  • ARDS = Adult respiratory distress syndrome
  • ARI = Acute respiratory infection or insufficiency
  • ARM = Artificial rupture of membranes
  • AS = Abdominal system or Aortic stenosis (narrowed heart valve) or Ankylosing spondylitis
  • ASAP = As soon as possible
  • ASB = Anencephaly and spina bifida
  • ASD = Atrial septal defect
  • ATN = Acute tubular necrosis
  • ATP = Adenosine triphosphate
  • ATPase = Adenosine triphosphatase
  • AV = Anteverted or Arterio-venous or Atrio-ventricular
  • AVB = Atrioventricular block
  • AVF = Augmented voltage foot
  • AVL = Augmented voltage left arm
  • AVR = Augmented voltage right arm
  • AXR = Abdominal x-ray
  • B = Biceps jerk/reflex
  • Ba = Barium
  • BaE = Barium enema
  • BaM = Barium meal
  • BB = Bed bath
  • BBA = Born before arrival
  • BBB = Bundle branch block or Blood brain barrier
  • BCC = Basal cell carcinoma (skin cancer)
  • BD or Bid = Twice a day
  • BDL = Below detectable limits
  • BID = Brought in dead
  • BJ = Biceps jerk
  • BK = Below knee
  • BM = Bowel movement
  • BMI = Body mass index
  • BMJ = British medical journal
  • BMR = Basal metabolic rate
  • BNF (+ date) = British National Formulary
  • BNO = Bowels not opened
  • BO = Bowels open
  • BOR = Bowels open regularly
  • BP (+ date) = British pharmacopoeia
  • BP = Blood pressure or Boiling point
  • BPd = Diastolic blood pressure
  • BPD = Bi-parietal diameter
  • BPM = Beats per minute
  • BPs = Systolic blood pressure
  • BRP = Bathroom privileges
  • BS = either Breath Sounds, Bowel Sounds or Blood Sugar, depending on context
  • BSA = Body surface area
  • BSR - Blood sedimentation rate or British Society of Rheumatology
  • BT = Bleeding time
  • BV = Blood vessel or Blood volume
  • BW = Below the waist, body water of body weight
  • BWt = Birth weight
  • C = Centigrade/celsius or With
  • CC = chief complaint
  • Cc = Carcinoma
  • cc = Cubic centimetre
  • c.c. = With food/meals
  • c/o = Complains of
  • C2H5OH = Alcohol
  • C&P = Cystoscopy and pyelography
  • CA = Chronological age or Cardiac arrest
  • Ca = Calcium or Carcinoma/Cancer, depending on context
  • CABG/S = Coronary artery bypass graft/surgery
  • Caps = Capsules
  • CAT scan = Computed axial tomograph scan
  • CBD = Common bile duct
  • CBF = Cerebral blood flow
  • CBR = Complete bed rest
  • CBT = Cognitive behavioural therapy
  • CCCR(M) = Closed chest resuscitation (massage)
  • CCF = Congestive cardiac failure
  • CCU = Coronary care unit
  • CD = Controlled drug
  • CDH = Congenital disease of the heart or Congenital dislocated hip(s)
  • CF = Complement fixation or Cystic Fibrosis
  • CFS = Chronic fatigue syndrome
  • CGL = Chronic granulocytic leukaemia
  • CHA = Chronic haemolytic amaemia
  • CHB = Complete heart block
  • CHD = Coronary heart disease
  • CHF = Chronic heart failure
  • CHO = Carbohydrate
  • CI = Contra-indications
  • Cl = Clubbing (of fingers or toe nails) or Chlorine
  • CLL = Chromic lymphocitic leukaemia
  • CML = Chronic myeloid leukaemia
  • CMR = Cerebral metabolic rate
  • CMV = Cytomegalovirus
  • CN I-XII = Cranial nerves 1 - 12
  • CNS = Central nervous system
  • CO = Complaining of
  • CO2 = Carbon dioxide
  • COAD = Chronic obstructive airways disease
  • COD = Cause of death or Chemical oxygen demand
  • COETT = Cuffed oral endotracheal tube
  • COP = Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or change of plaster, depending on context
  • CPAP = Continuous positive airways pressure
  • CPB = Cardiopulmonary bypass
  • CPD = Cephalo-pelvic disproportion
  • CPE = Chronic pulmonary emphysema
  • CPM = Counts per minute
  • CPP = Cerebral perfusion pressure
  • CPPV = Continuous positive pressure ventilation
  • CPR = Cardio-pulmonary resuscitation
  • CPS = Cycles per second
  • CR = Crown rump or Conditioned reflex
  • CRS = Congenital ruybella syndrome
  • CS = Caeserean section
  • CSF = Cerebro-spinal fluid
  • CSU = Catheter specimen of urine
  • CT = Cerebral tumour, coronary thrombosis or computerised axial tomography (body scan)
  • CTG = Cardiotocograph
  • CTR = Cardiothoracic ratio
  • CTS = Carpal tunnel syndrome
  • CV = Cardio-vascular
  • CVA = Cerebro-vascular accident (stroke) of cardio-vascular accident
  • CVP = Central venous pressure
  • CVS = Cardio-vascular system
  • Cx = Cervix or cervical spine
  • CXR = Chest x-ray
  • Cy = Cyanosis
  • D&C = Dilation and curettage
  • D&V = Diarrhoea and vomiting
  • DA = Developmental age
  • DBP = Distolic blood pressure
  • d/c = Discontinue or Discharge
  • DD = Dangerous drugs or Differential diagnosis
  • decub. = Lying down
  • D/H = Drug history
  • DI = Diabetes insipidus
  • DI C = Disseminated intravascular coagulopathy
  • DM = Diabetes mellitus
  • DNA = Did Not Attend or Deoxyribonucleic acid
  • DNR = Do not resuscitate
  • DOA = Dead on arrival
  • DOB = Date of birth
  • DS = Disseminated sclerosis or Down's syndrome
  • D/S = Dextrose saline
  • DT or DTs = Delirium tremens
  • DTP = Distal tingling on percussion or Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (vaccine)
  • DU = Duodenal ulcer
  • DVT = Deep vein thrombosis
  • D/W = Discussed with or Dextrose in water
  • Dx = Diagnosis
  • DXR = Deep x-ray
  • DXT = Deep x-ray treatment
  • E = Electrolytes
  • EBL = Estimated blood loss
  • EBV = Epstein-Barr virus
  • ECF = Extracellular fluid
  • ECG or EKG = Electrocardiogram
  • ECM = External cardiac massage
  • ECT = Electro-convulsive therapy
  • ECV = Extracellular volume
  • EDC = Expected date of confinement
  • EDD = Expected date of delivery
  • EDTA = European dialysis and transplant association or Ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid
  • EEG = Electroencephalogram/graph (brain scan)
  • EFA = Essential fatty acids
  • EGDF = Embryonic growth and development factor
  • EIA = Enzyme immunoassay
  • EJ = Elbow jerk
  • ELISA = Enzyme-linked immunoabsorbent assay
  • EMF = Electromotive force or Endomyocardial fibrosis
  • EMU= Early morning specimen of urine
  • ENT = Ear, nose and throat
  • EOA = Examination, opinion and advice
  • ERCP = Endoscopic retrograde choledochopancreaticography
  • ERPC = Evacuation of retained products of conception
  • ESN = Educationally sub-normal
  • ESP = End-systolic pressure or Extra-sensory perception
  • ESR = Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (blood) or Electron spin resonance
  • ETC = Estimated time of conception or Examined through clothes
  • EtoH = Alcohol
  • ETT = Endotracheal tube or exercise tolerance test
  • EUA = Examination under anaesthesia
  • F = Fahrenheit
  • FAS = Fetal alcohol syndrome
  • FB or fb = Finger's breadth or Foreign body
  • FBC = Full blood count
  • FBG = Fasting blood glucose/sugar
  • FBS = Fetal blood sampling
  • FDIU - Fetal death in utero
  • Fe = Iron
  • FEUO = For external use only
  • FFI = Fit and free from infection
  • FH = Family history or fetal heart or familial hypercholesterolaemia
  • FHH = Fetal heart heard
  • FHHR = Fetal heart heard regular
  • FHNH = Fetal heart not heard
  • FHR = Fetal heart rate
  • FIUO = For internal use only
  • FMF = Fetal movements felt
  • FOB = Faecal occult blood
  • FP = Freezing point
  • FRJM or FROM = Full range of movement
  • FSE = Fetal scalp electrode
  • FSH = Family and Social History or Follicle-stimulating Hormone
  • FTBD = Full-term born dead
  • FTD = Formal thought disorder
  • FTND = Full-term normal delivery
  • FTT = Failure to thrive
  • FTVD = Full term vaginal delivery
  • FU = Follow up
  • FUO = Fever of unknown origin
  • FVC = Forced vital capacity
  • Fx = Fracture
  • G = Gravidity
  • G6P = Glucose 6 phosphat
  • G6PD = Glucose 6 phosphate dehydrogenase
  • GA = General anaesthetic or Gestational age
  • GB = Gall bladder
  • GC = General condition or Gonococcus
  • GCS = Glasgow coma scale/score
  • GF = Growth factor
  • GFR = Glomerular filtration rate
  • GI = Gastro-intestinal
  • GIS = Gastro-intestinal system
  • GIT = Gastro-intestinal tract
  • GITT = Glucose insulin tolerance test
  • GP = General practitioner
  • GTT = Glucose tolerance test (for diabetes)
  • GU = Gastric ulcer or Genito-urinary
  • GUS = Genito-urinary system
  • GUT = Genito-urinary tract
  • H = Hydrogen
  • Hb or Hgb = Haemoglobin (blood)
  • HBD = Has been drinking
  • HbF = Fetal haemoglobin
  • HbH = Haemoglobin H
  • HbS = Sickle cell haemoglobin
  • HCM = Hypertropic cardiomyopathy
  • Hct = Haemocrit
  • HDN = Haemolytic disease of the new born
  • HDU = High dependency unit
  • HFPPV = High frequency positive pressure ventilation
  • Hg = Mercury
  • HI = Head injury
  • HMD = Hyaline membrane disease
  • HNPU = Has not passed urine
  • HOCM = Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy
  • HPC = History of presenting complaint
  • HPI = History of presenting illness
  • HR = Heart rate
  • HRT = Hormone replacement therapy
  • HS = Heart sounds
  • HSE = Health and safety executive or Herpes simplex encephalitis
  • HT = Height
  • HTLV = Human T cell lymphoma virus
  • HVS = High vaginal swab
  • Hx = History
  • I&D = Incision and drainage
  • I&O = Intake and output
  • IA = Intra-arterial
  • IADHS = Iaappropriate antidiuretic hormone syndrome
  • IBS = Irritable bowel syndrome
  • ICF = Intracellular fluid
  • ICP = Intracranial pressure
  • ICS = Intercostal space
  • ICU = Intensive care unit
  • ID = Infectious disease
  • IDD = Insulin dependent diabetes
  • IDDM = Insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
  • IEM = Inborn error or metabolism
  • IFB = Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Ig = Immunoglobulin
  • IgA = Immunoglobulin A
  • IgD = Immunoglobulin D
  • IgE = Immunoglobulin E
  • IgG = Immunoglobulin G
  • IgM = Immunoglobulin M
  • IGT or IGTN = Ingrowing toenail
  • IHD = Ischaemic heart disease
  • IJ = internal jugular vein
  • IM or i.m. = Intramuscular or Infectious mononucleosis
  • IMV = Intermittent mandatory ventilation
  • IOFB = Intra-ocular foreign body
  • IOP = Intra-ocular pressure
  • IP = In-patient or interphalangeal
  • IPPA = Inspection, palpation, percussion, auscultation
  • IPPR = Intermittent positive pressure respiration
  • IPPV = Intermittent positive pressure ventilation
  • IQ = Intelligence quotient
  • Ir = Iridium
  • ISQ = In status quo (nothing changed)
  • IT = Intrathecal
  • ITP = Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
  • ITT = Insulin tolerance test
  • ITU = Intensive therapy unit
  • IU = International unit
  • IUD = Intrauterine device or Intrauterine death
  • IUGR = Intrauterine growth retardation
  • IUP = Intrauterine pressure
  • IUT = Intrauterine transfusion
  • IV or i.v. = Intravenous
  • IVC = Inferior vena cava
  • IVD = Intravertebral disc
  • IVF = In vitro fertilisation
  • IVGTT = Intraveous glucose tolerance test
  • IVH = Intraventricular haemorrhage
  • IVI = Intravenous infusion (drip)
  • IVP = Intravenous pyelogram
  • IVT = Intravenous transfusion
  • IVU = Intraveous urography
  • Ix = Investigations
  • J = Jaundice
  • JJ = Jaw jerk
  • JACCO = No jaundice, anaemia, cyanosis, clubbing or oedema
  • JND = Just noticeable difference
  • JV = Jugular vein
  • JVP = Jugular venous pressure or pulse
  • K = Potassium or Knee jerk reflex
  • KJ = Knee Jerk
  • KKLS = Kidneys, liver, spleen
  • kPa = Kilopascal
  • KS = Kaposi's sarcoma
  • KUB = Kidneys, urethra, bladder (x-ray or ultrasound of renal tract)
  • L = Litre or Left
  • L1, L2 etc... = Lumbar vertebrae
  • L&A = Light and accommodation
  • L&W = Living and well
  • L/L = Litres per litre
  • LA = Local anaesthetic or Left atrium
  • LBB = Left bundle branch
  • LBBB = Left bundle branch block
  • LBF = Liver blood flow
  • LBH = Length, breadth, height
  • LBP = Low back pain or Low blood pressure
  • LBW = Low birth weight
  • LE = Lupus erythematosus
  • LFTs = Liver function tests or Lung function tests
  • LH = Luteinising hormone
  • LIB = Lump in breast
  • LIF = Left iliac fossa
  • LIH = Left inguinal hernia
  • LKS = Liver, kidney, spleen
  • LKKS = Liver, kidney, kidney, spleen
  • LLL = Left lower lobe
  • LMN = Lower motor neurone
  • LMP = Last menstrual period
  • LN = Lymph node
  • LOA = Left occipital anterior
  • LOC = Loss of consciousness
  • LOL = Left occipital lateral
  • LOM = Limitation of movement
  • LOP = Left occiput posterior
  • LOPS = Length of patient stay
  • LP = Lumbar puncture
  • LRT = Lower respiratory tract
  • LRTI = Lower respiratory tract infecction
  • LS = Lymph system or Letter sent
  • LSCS = Lower segment caesarean section
  • LSKK = Liver, spleen and kidneys
  • LUQ = Left upper quadrant
  • LV = Left ventricle or lumbar vertebra
  • LVF = Left ventricular failure
  • LVH = Left ventricular hypertrophy
  • M = Menarche (started periods)
  • M/F = Male/female
  • M/W/S = Married, widow(er) or single
  • µg or mcg = Microgram
  • MAL = Mid axillary line
  • mane = In the morning
  • MAP = Mean arterial pressure
  • MBD = Minimal brain dysfunction
  • mcg = Microgram
  • MCL = Mid-clavicular line
  • MCV = Mean corpuscular volume (measure of size of red blood cells) or Mean cell volume
  • ME = Myalgic encephalomyelitis (chronic fatigue syndrome)
  • MELAS = Mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke
  • MF = Myelofibrosis
  • mg = Milligram
  • Mg = Magnesium
  • MGM/F = Maternal grandmother/grandfather
  • MI = Myocardial infarction (heart attack) or Mitral Incompetence (leaking heart valve) or Medical Inspection
  • mist = Mixture
  • mitte = Supply, give, send or provide
  • ml = Millilitre
  • MM = Multiple myeloma or Mucous membrane
  • mmHG - Millilitres of mercury (pressure)
  • mMol = Millimol
  • MMR = Measles, mumps, rbuella
  • MOP = Medical out-patient
  • MRI = Magnetic resonance imaging
  • MS = Multiple sclerosis or Mitral stenosis (narrowed heart valve) or Musculo-skeletal
  • MSE = Mental state examination
  • MSS = Musculo-skeletal system
  • MSU or MSSU = Mid-stream urine sample
  • MUA = Manipulation under anaesthetic
  • N = Nitrogen
  • N&V = Nausea and vomiting
  • N/S = Normal size/not significant
  • Na = Sodium
  • NA = Not applicable
  • NAA = No apparent abnormalities
  • NAD = Nothing abnormal diagnosed/detected or Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide
  • NaHCO3 = Sodium bicarbonate
  • NBI = No bone injury
  • NBM = Nil by mouth
  • ND = Notifiable disease
  • NEEP = Negative end expiratory pressure
  • NET = Naso-endotracheal tube
  • NFR = Not for resuscitation
  • NFTD = Normal full term delivery
  • ng = Nanogram
  • NG = Carcinoma/cancer (neoplastic growth) or Naso-gastric
  • NICU = Neonatal intensive care unit
  • NIDDM = Non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
  • NLM = Nice looking mother
  • NMCS = No malignant cells seen
  • NMR = Nuclear magnetic resonance
  • NMRI = Nuclear magnetic resonance imaging
  • NND = Neonatal death
  • Nocte = At night
  • NOF = Neck of femur
  • NP = Not palpable or nasal passage
  • NPO = Nothing by mouth
  • NPU = Not passed urine
  • NS = Nervous system or Normal saline
  • NSA = No significant abnormality
  • NSAID = Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug
  • NSD = Normal spontaneous delivery or Nominal standard dose
  • NSR = Normal sinus rhythm
  • NSU = Non-specific urethritis
  • NTD = Neural tube defect
  • NTP = Normal temperature and pressure
  • NWB = Non-weight bearing
  • NYD = Not yet diagnosed
  • O2 = Oxygen
  • O&C = Onset and course
  • OA = Osteoarthritis or On admission or Occipito-anterior
  • OAD = Obstructive airways disease
  • OCP = Oral contraceptive pill
  • o.d. = Once a day
  • OD = Overdose
  • O/E or o.e. = On examination
  • oed. = Oedema
  • OGD = Oesophago-gastro-duodenoscopy
  • om = In the morning
  • on = At night
  • ONTRA = Orders not to resuscitate
  • OOH = Out of hours
  • OP = Occipito-posterior
  • OPD = Outpatient department
  • ORIF = Open reduction and internal fixation (of fracture)
  • Orthop = Orthopnoea
  • OT = Occupational therapist
  • otc = Over the counter (medication)
  • P = Pulse or Protein or Parity or Period
  • PAN = Polyarteritis nodosa
  • PAT = Paroxysmal atrial tachycardia
  • PC = After food
  • PCB = Post-coital bleeding
  • PCC = Post-coital contraception
  • pCO2 = partial pressure of carbon dioxide
  • PCV = Packed cell volume
  • PD = Peritoneal dialysis
  • PDA = Patent ductus arteriosus
  • PE = Pulmonary embolism or Pre-eclampsia
  • PEEP = Positive end expiratory pressure
  • PEFR = Peak expiration flow rate
  • PERLA = Pupils equal and reactive to light and accommodation
  • PET = Positive emission tomography or Pre-eclamptic toxaemia
  • PF(R) = Peak flow (rate)
  • PFT = Pulmonary function test
  • pg = Picogram
  • PGH = Pituitary growth hormone
  • PGM/ F = Paternal grandmother/father
  • pH = Acidity and alkalinity scale
  • PH = Past/previous history
  • PICU = Paediatric intensive care unit
  • PID = Pelvic inflammatory disease or Prolapsed in-vertebral disc
  • PIP = Proxysmal interphalangeal
  • PKD = Polycystic kidney disease
  • PKU = Phenylketonuria
  • Pl. = Plasma
  • PL = Prolactin
  • PM = Post mortem exam
  • PMH = Past/previous medical history or Previous menstrual history
  • Pn = Plutonium
  • PN = Percussion note
  • PND = Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnoea
  • PNH = Paroxysmal nocturnal haemoglobinuria
  • PN(R) = Percussion note (resonant)
  • PO = Per orim (by mouth)
  • pO2 = Partial pressure of oxygen
  • POH = Past/previous obstetric history
  • PoM = Prescription only medicine
  • POP = Progesterone only pill or Plaster of Paris
  • PP = Private patient or Placenta previa
  • PPH = Post partum haemorrhage
  • PPB = Positive pressure breathing
  • PPM = Parts per million
  • PPs = Peripheral pulses
  • PR = Per rectum (rectal exam) or Pulse rate
  • PRN = As required
  • PROM = Premature rupture of membranes
  • PRV = Polycythaemia rubra vera
  • PS = Pulmonary stenosis
  • P/S = Polyunsaturated/saturated ratio
  • PTA = Prior to admission
  • PTD = Permanent total disability
  • PTH = Parathyroid hormone
  • PTSD = Post traumatic stress disorder
  • PTT = Prothrombin time
  • pu = per urthram
  • PU = Peptic ulcer or Passed urine
  • PUO = Pyrexia of uncertain/unknown origin
  • pv = per vaginam
  • PVD = Peripheral vascular disease
  • QALY = Quality adjusted life years
  • qds or qid = 4 times a day
  • R/L = Right/Left
  • R(R) = Respiration (rate)
  • RA = Rheumatoid arthritis or right atrium
  • RAP = Right atrial pressure
  • RBB = Right bundle branch
  • RBBB = Right bundle branch block
  • RBC = Red blood count (erythrocyte)
  • RBS = Random blood sugar
  • RCA = Right coronary artery
  • RCT = Randomsed clinical trial
  • RDS = Respiratory distress syndrome
  • Reg. = Regular
  • REM = Rapid eye monement
  • RFT = Renal function test or Respiratory function test
  • Rh = Rhesus
  • RHD = Rheumatic heart disease or Rhesus haemolytic disease
  • RI = Respiratory infection
  • RIC = Raised intercranial pressure
  • R/L HC = Right/Left hypochordrium (abdomen)
  • R/LIF = Right/Left iliac fossa (groin)
  • RIH = Right inguinal hernia
  • RLF = Retrolental fibroplasis
  • RNA = Ribonucleic acid
  • ROA = Right occiput-anterior
  • ROL = Right occipito-lateral
  • ROM = Range of movement
  • ROP = Right occiput posterior
  • RS = Respiratory system
  • RSI = Repetitive strain injury
  • RT = Reaction time
  • RTA = Road traffic accident
  • RTC = Return to clinic
  • RTI = Respiratory tract infection
  • RUA = Right upper arm
  • RUQ = Right upper quadrant (of abdomen)
  • Rx = Prescription or treatment
  • s = Without
  • S = Supinator (jerk/reflex)
  • S1 etc... = Sacral vertebrae
  • S/B = Seen by
  • SB = Serum bilirubin or Still birth
  • Sb = Antimony
  • SBE = Subacute bacterial endocarditis
  • SBG = Serum blood glucose (blood sugar level)
  • SBP = Systolic blood pressure
  • SBR = Strict bed rest
  • SC = Subcutaneous
  • SCA = Sickle cell anaemia
  • SCAN = Suspected child abuse and neglect
  • SCBU = Special care baby unit
  • SCI = Spinal cord injury
  • SCU = Special care unit
  • S/D = Systolic/diastolic (heart and circulation)
  • SDHD = Sudden death heart disease
  • SE = Side effects
  • SH = Social history
  • SI = Sacro-iliac
  • SIDS = Sudden infant death syndrome
  • SIMV = Synchronised intermittent mandatory ventilation
  • SJ = Supinator jerk
  • SkXR = Skull x-ray
  • SL = Sub lingual (under the tongue)
  • Sl. = Slight
  • SLE = Systemic lupus erythematosus
  • SLR = Straight leg raise
  • SM = Systolic murmur
  • SMR = Submucosal re-section (nasal operation)
  • Sn = Tin
  • S/N = Signal to noise ratio
  • SOA = Swelling of ankles
  • SOB (OE) = Short of breath (on exertion)
  • SOL = Space occupying lesion (usually in the head)
  • SOM = Secretary otitis (glue ear)SOP = Surgical outpatient
  • SOS = Si opus sit (if necessary) or See other sheet
  • SR = Sinus rhythm (normal heart beat)
  • SROM = Spontaneous rupture of membranes
  • Stat = Immediately
  • STOP = Suction termination of pregnancy
  • stp = Standard temperature and pressure
  • Supp = Suppositories
  • SWD = Short wave diathermy
  • SVC = Superior vena cava
  • SVD = Spontaneous vaginal delivery
  • SVT = Supraventricular tachycardia
  • Sx = Symptoms
  • SXR = Skull x-ray
  • T = Triceps jerk reflex or Temperature
  • T1 etc... = Thoracic vertebrae
  • T&A = Tonsils and adenoids
  • TAH = Total abdominal hysterectomy
  • TATT = Tired all the time
  • TB = Tuberculosis
  • TCI = To came in date/admission date
  • tds or tid = 3 times a day
  • TGH = To go home
  • THR = Total hip replacement
  • TIA = Transient ischaemic attack (stroke)
  • TJ = Triceps jerk
  • TKR = Total knee replacement
  • TLC = Tender loving care or Total lung capacity or Thin layer chromotography
  • TLV = Total lung volume or Threshold limit value
  • TM or Tm = Tympanic membrane
  • TMJ = Temporo-mandibular joint
  • TNS = Transcutaneous nerve stimulator/stimulation
  • TPR = Temperature, pulse, respiration
  • TOP = Termination of pregnancy
  • TSH = Thyroid stimulating hormone
  • TShR = Total shoulder replacement
  • TSS = Toxic shock syndrome
  • TT = Tetanus toxoid or Tuberculin test
  • TTH/A = To take home/away (medication)
  • TVF = Tactile vocal fremitus
  • U = Urea or unit
  • U&Es = Urea and electrolytes (blood test for kidney function)
  • UC = Ulcerative colitis
  • UGS = Urogenital system
  • UMN = Upper motor neurone
  • UO = Urinary output
  • URI = Upper respiratory infection
  • URTI = Upper respiratory tract infection
  • USS = Ultrasound scan
  • UTI = Urinary tract infection
  • UV = Ultraviolet
  • UVA = Ultraviolet light long wave
  • UVL = Ultraviolet light
  • VA = Visual acuity
  • VC = Vital capacity
  • VD = Venereal disease
  • VE = Vaginal examination
  • VER = Visual evoked response
  • VF = Ventricular fibrillation
  • VGH = Very good health
  • VP = Venous pressure
  • VSIL = Very sick indeed list
  • VT = Ventricular tachycardia
  • V/V = Vulva and vagina or Varicose veins
  • Vx = Vertex
  • V-Z = Varicella-zoster
  • V-ZV = Varicella-zoster virusc
  • WAIS = Wechsler adult intelligence scale
  • WBC = White blood corpuscle/white blood cell count
  • WCC = White cell count
  • WNL = Within normal limits
  • W/O = Wash out
  • w/o = Water in oil or Without
  • WR = Wasserman reaction
  • Wt = Weight
  • XR = X-ray
  • XRT = X-ray therapy
  • XS = Cross-section
  • XX = Sex chromosomes (normal female)
  • XY = Sex chromosomes (normal male)
  • YOB = Year of birth

If you need our help,  either e-mail us anytime, or call 01935 823883.